The ASCII browser was developed at the University of Kansas and is called lynx. It shares many of the same properties as its graphical counterparts, Netscape and Internet Explorer.
The first graphical browser, xmosaic, was developed, as a research project, at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. Version 1.0 of the tool was released in April 1993. After a few versions of the browser, it was decided the project had exceeded its goal, so it was terminated.
The last full version ever released was 2.6 (July 1995) and the last beta version released was 2.7b5 (July 1996).
Netscape was developed at Netscape Communications Inc. (formerly Mosaic Communications, Inc), a private software company, founded by Marc Andreesen (the original xmosaic developer) and Jim Clark (one of the original Silicon Graphics founders).
Netscape Communications Inc. was purchased by AOL (America On Line) in 1999.
Figure 1.8 is an example of what netscape looks like.
Browsers, ASCII-based or graphical in nature, offer much of the same functionalities.
Some of the functionalities include
- starting a new browser window.
- send/receive mail.
- access web servers.
- access news servers.
- save documents as HTML, text or PS format.
- print documents.
- find a strings within documents.
- web searches.
- look at the HTML source for the current document.
- navigate through recently accessed documents.
- tag (bookmark) specific documents; manage that list of tags.